Red capped Cardinal (Paroaria gularis)

Red-capped Cardinal

[order] Passeriformes | [family] Emberizidae | [latin] Paroaria gularis | [UK] Red-capped Cardinal | [FR] Paroare rougecap | [DE] Schwarzkehlkardinal | [ES] Cardenal Bandera Alemana | [IT] Cardinale capirosso | [NL] Zwartkeelkardinaal


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Paroaria gularis SA Amazonia
Paroaria gularis cervicalis
Paroaria gularis gularis
Paroaria gularis nigrogenis

Physical charateristics

The distinguishing features of the Red-capped Cardinal are the black bib below the red cap, the generally black bill with a pale base of the mandible, a partial white collar and a black smudge around the eye.

Listen to the sound of Red-capped Cardinal

[audio: Cardinal.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 16 cm size max.: 18 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 0  
      eggs max.: 0  


It occurs in lowlands of Trinidad, the Guianas, Venezuela, eastern Colombia, eastern Ecuador, eastern Peru, northern and eastern Bolivia and the Amazon basin in Brazil. In Brazil it is, except for populations in the relatively open lowlands of north-eastern Roraima and along the Branco River and lower Rio Negro,


The Red-capped Cardinal has a natural habitat among swamps, mangroves, and other semi-open areas near water. It is also known to inhabit towns and cities.


They build a shallow open cup nest, some 9-10 cm wide and 7 cm high outside with a 7 cm wide by 4 cm deep cup, in a tree or some other secure spot. For nest material, it uses rootlets, thin twigs, and ferns. The clutch is two or three eggs. These have a background color varying between whitish and dull olive and have dense dark brown flecks and blotches, heavier at the blunt end. This species is parasitised by the Shiny Cowbird

Feeding habits

It lives in pairs or small family groups. The Red-capped Cardinal’s diet is comprised of insects, rice, and fruit.


This species has a large range, with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 4,900,000 km². The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as ‘common’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Red-capped Cardinal status Least Concern


Sedentary throughout range

Distribution map

Red-capped Cardinal range map


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *