Buff throated Saltator (Saltator maximus)

Buff-throated Saltator

[order] Passeriformes | [family] Emberizidae | [latin] Saltator maximus | [UK] Buff-throated Saltator | [FR] Saltator des grands-bois | [DE] Buntkehlsaltator | [ES] Saltador de Garganta Canela | [IT] Beccoforte golachiara | [NL] Bontkeelsaltator


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Saltator maximus LA widespread
Saltator maximus gigantodes
Saltator maximus intermedius
Saltator maximus iungens
Saltator maximus magnoides
Saltator maximus maximus

Physical charateristics

The adult has a slate-grey head with a white supercilium and a greenish crown. The upperparts are olive green, the underparts are grey becoming buff on the lower belly, and the throat is buff, edged with black. The thick convex bill and legs are black. Young birds are duller, and have a white-mottled blackish throat and breast, and brown markings on the lower underparts.

Listen to the sound of Buff-throated Saltator

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/B/Buff-throated Saltator.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 19 cm size max.: 20 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 3  


The Buff-throated Saltator is distributed from Mexico, through Central America and into most of northern South America and the Amazonian Basin. There is a disjunct population in eastern Brazil.


Low and middle elevations, Caribbean and southern Pacific slopes; inhabits semi-open sites such as forest edges, shady gardens and tree plantations, and very open areas such as low thickets and pastures.


Lives alone or in pairs and builds a crude nest with twigs, leaves and grass, laying two eggs at a time. They are laid in a bulky cup nest up to 2 m high in a tree or bush. The mmale will feed the female during incubation.

Feeding habits

The Buff-throated Saltator feeds on fruit, buds, nectar and slow-moving insects. It forages at low and mid levels, sometimes with mixed species flocks. Is known to eat army ants.


This species has a large range, with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 9,600,000 km². The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as ‘common’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Buff-throated Saltator status Least Concern


Sedentary throughout range

Distribution map

Buff-throated Saltator range map


Title Buff-throated Saltator eats army ants
Abstract: The relationship between army ants and birds in Ne..[more]..
Source: Wilson Bull., 104(2), 1992, pp. 373-374

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