Sharpbill (Oxyruncus cristatus)


[order] Passeriformes | [family] Cotingidae | [latin] Oxyruncus cristatus | [UK] Sharpbill | [FR] Oxyrhynque huppe | [DE] Flammenkopfkotinga | [ES] Picoagudo | [IT] Testa di fiamma | [NL] Scherpsnavel


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Onychorhynchus cristatus
Oxyruncus cristatus SA widespread
Oxyruncus cristatus brooksi
Oxyruncus cristatus cristatus
Oxyruncus cristatus frater
Oxyruncus cristatus hypoglaucus
Oxyruncus cristatus tocantinsi

Physical charateristics

It features are its sharply pointed bill, the orange-reddish iris, the scaling on the head and neck and the black spots on the underparts. It has a red or yellow crest which is normally flattened and hidden

Listen to the sound of Sharpbill


Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 17 cm size max.: 18 cm
incubation min.: 14 days incubation max.: 24 days
fledging min.: 25 days fledging max.: 30 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 3  


The Sharpbill is found in a series of disjunct areas from Costa Rica to south-east Brazil and including the tepuis of southern Venezuela and the Guianas, Amapa, eastern Para, and various spots on the eastern slopes of the Andes.


Sharpbills are most commonly found in tall dense forests but occasionally venture to the forest edge.


The nest of the Sharpbill is built by the female and is a small cup built on a slender branch made out of moss and spidercop and glued together with saliva. Clutch size is two eggs, incubated by female in shifts of about 30 minutes, being absent for about 8 minutes. Incubation period varies from 14 to 24 days. Chicks are fed by regurgitation, once an hour shortly after hatching, becoming two feeds an hour at later stages. The chicks fledge after about 28 days.

Feeding habits

Their diet consists of primarily of fruit, but they will also take insects, hanging upside down in from twigs to obtain insect larvae. They will also travel in mixed-species feeding flocks with ovenbirds, tanagers, woodpeckers and cotingas.


This species has a large range, with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 1,800,000 km². The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population size criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., less than 10,000 mature individuals in conjunction with appropriate decline rates and subpopulation qualifiers), even though the species is described as ‘uncommon’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Sharpbill status Least Concern


Sedentary throughout range.

Distribution map

Sharpbill range map


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