Russet crowned Crake (Anurolimnas viridis)

Russet-crowned Crake

[order] Gruiformes | [family] Rallidae | [latin] Anurolimnas viridis | [UK] Russet-crowned Crake | [FR] Rale kiolo | [DE] Indioralle | [ES] Polluela Coronirrufa | [IT] Schiribilla corona rossiccia | [NL] Roodkruinral


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Laterallus viridis SA Amazonia
Laterallus viridis brunnescens e Colombia
Laterallus viridis viridis s Venezuela through the Guianas and Amazonian Brazil to c Peru and n Bolivia

Physical charateristics

Small Crake with rufous crown and sides of the head are dark grey, like the eye stripe. Upperparts dull olive. underparts are dull rufous, legs sorange red and the upper mandible black, the under mandible bleu-grey.

Listen to the sound of Russet-crowned Crake

[audio: Crake.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: cm wingspan max.: cm
size min.: 15 cm size max.: 18 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 3  


Found in Brazil, the Guianas, Venezuela, Colombia, Equator and Peru. In Suriname quite common even in the boundary gardens of Paramaribo. Very noisy and can be seen running over thick bushes.


Contrary to most of the family members this crake is not bound to water. It inhabits thickly overgrown dry wasteland.


Nest is a ball with a side entrance built of dead grasses in the branches of thick bushes. Clutch size 2-3 eggs.

Feeding habits

No much known, insects and seeds and forages within cover.


This species has a large range, with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 6,200,000 km2. The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as ‘frequent’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Russet-crowned Crake status Least Concern


Presumed sedentary

Distribution map

Russet-crowned Crake range map


Title Registro da Ocorrência de Siricora-Mirim (Laterallus viridis) em Dourados, MS
Author(s): Claudenice Faxina Zucca et al.
Abstract: Um dos grupos animais mais bem estudados no Brasil..[more]..
Source: Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária. Documento 73

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