Rufous-sided Crake (Laterallus melanophaius)

Rufous-sided Crake

[order] GRUIFORMES | [family] Rallidae | [latin] Laterallus melanophaius | [UK] Rufous-sided Crake | [FR] Rale brunoir | [DE] Rothals-Ralle | [ES] Polluela Burrito | [NL] Braziliaanse Dwergral


Monotypic species


Physical charateristics

Neck, back and wings bronze-brown. Area around eyes grey. Ront of head and ear covers and side of breast chestnut. Romp and tail blackish, throat and middle of breat white, a little washed with rufous. Flanks black with white bars. Undertail chestnut. Legs sand colored and bill brownish

Listen to the sound of Rufous-sided Crake

[audio: Crake.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 22 cm wingspan max.: 24 cm
size min.: 14 cm size max.: 18 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 2   eggs min.: 3  
      eggs max.: 4  


South America : widespread


Marshes with dense vegetation along edges. Also meadows and grassland, often near water.


Captive birds built 3 nests, 2 in bushes 1-6 meter high, 1 on ground. Clutch 2-3 eggs, young of first brood fed chicks of second brood.

Feeding habits

Diet consists of invertebrates, insects and sometimes seeds taken from water and vegetation.


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend is not known, but the population is not believed to be decreasing sufficiently rapidly to approach the thresholds under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Central America, East of Andes, North Venezuela, Guyana and Surinam. Major part of South East amazonia. In Suriname found in coastal plane but no nest found yet.
Rufous-sided Crake status Least Concern


Presumed sedentary

Distribution map

Rufous-sided Crake distribution range map

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