Rufous-necked Wood-Rail (Aramides axillaris)

Rufous-necked Wood-Rail

[order] GRUIFORMES | [family] Rallidae | [latin] Aramides axillaris | [UK] Rufous-necked Wood-Rail | [FR] Rale a cou roux | [DE] Braunkappen-Ralle | [ES] Cotara Cuellirrufa, Rascon Cuellirrufo (Cr), Gallineta Cuellirufo (HN) | [NL] Roodnekbosral


Monotypic species


Physical charateristics

Tall rail with rufous had, neck, sides, breast and adomen are rufous. Short bill. The throat is white, mantle slate and tail black. Belly and thighs dusky grey. Flanks and undertail black. Sexes are similar.

Listen to the sound of Rufous-necked Wood-Rail

[audio: Wood-Rail.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 40 cm wingspan max.: 45 cm
size min.: 28 cm size max.: 30 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 0  
      eggs max.: 0  


Latin America : Mexico to Ecuador, Belize, North South America


Mangrove swamps, coastal marshes, lagoons and mudflats, and swamp forest: in South America also dense forest undergrowth, forest edge and deciduous woodland. Mainly occurs in coastal and low altitude areas in Central America, but in South America ascends to 1.800 m. in open cloud forest.


Nest a platform or bowl of small twigs, lined with weed stems and leaves. Built in a tree or a bush 3-8 meter above ground. Clutch size is 4-6.

Feeding habits

Feeds mostly on crabs, mostly at dusk and dawn, seldom leafs dense vegetation to hunt in the clear.


This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend is not known, but the population is not believed to be decreasing sufficiently rapidly to approach the thresholds under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is very large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Coastal mexico and Belize, Carribean slope of Central America, Pacific side from Panama to venezuela. pacific and carribean side of Colombia, Ecuador, Guianas and Trinidad. In Suriname confindto the coastal mangroves.
Rufous-necked Wood-Rail status Least Concern


Presumed sedentary

Distribution map

Rufous-necked Wood-Rail distribution range map

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