Paint billed Crake (Neocrex erythrops)

Paint-billed Crake

[order] Gruiformes | [family] Rallidae | [latin] Neocrex erythrops | [UK] Paint-billed Crake | [FR] Rale a bec peint | [DE] Goldschnabel-Sumpfhuhn | [ES] Polluela Picopinta | [IT] Schiribilla beccorosso | [NL] Roodsnavelhoen


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Pardirallus erythrops
Neocrex erythrops SA widespread
Neocrex erythrops erythrops Galapagos Is., coastal Peru
Neocrex erythrops olivascens Panama to the Guianas south through Brazil to n Argentina

Physical charateristics

Small crake with a conspicuous green bill, right red at the base. Top of the head and hind neck slate, upperparts dull olive brown, chin and throat white. Thighs and undertails barred black and white. Red legs and Iris.

Listen to the sound of Paint-billed Crake

[audio: Crake.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 24 cm wingspan max.: 26 cm
size min.: 18 cm size max.: 20 cm
incubation min.: 23 days incubation max.: 25 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 3  
      eggs max.: 7  


Neocrex erythrops is a little known species that ranges widely in eastern and central South America; N. e. olivascens is known east of the Andes from Colombia and Venezuela south to Paraguay and Argentina, and N. e. erythrops
from west of the Andes in coastal Peru and the Galapagos Islands.


Contrary to most of the family members this crake is not bound to water. It inhabits thickly overgrown dry wasteland.


Nest a cup of grass near or just above the ground. Clutch size 3-7 incubated for about 24 days.

Feeding habits

No much known, insects and seeds and forages within cover.


This species has a large range, with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 1,400,000 km². The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population size criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., less than 10,000 mature individuals in conjunction with appropriate decline rates and subpopulation qualifiers), even though the species is described as ‘uncommon’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Paint-billed Crake status Least Concern


Presumed to have some migratory or vagrant movements. Has been found on many occasions outside breeding site.

Distribution map

Paint-billed Crake range map


Title The Paint-billed Crake Breeding in Costa Rica
Author(s): David M. Watson and Brett W. Benz
Abstract: We report a recent observation from southern Costa..[more]..
Source: Wilson Bull., 11 l(3), 1999, pp. 422-424

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Title First United States Record of Paint-billed Crake (Neocrex erythrops)
Author(s): KEITH A. ARNOLD
Abstract: On 17 February 1972 Donald Baker, then an undergra..[more]..
Source: The Auk, 95:745-746

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