White-headed Piping-Guan (Pipile cumanensis)

White-headed Piping-Guan

[order] GALLIFORMES | [family] Cracidae | [latin] Pipile cumanensis | [UK] White-headed Piping-Guan | [FR] Penelope siffleuse | [DE] Blaukehl-Guan | [ES] Pava Goliazul | [NL] Blauwkeelgoean


Monotypic species


Physical charateristics

The blue-throated piping guan, has glossy black feathers with large, white wing patches, and the chest and wing tips are flecked with white. The base of the bill is baby blue, while the area around the eyes is ringed with white skin. The feathers on the crest and nape are also white and appear slightly ruffled. The skin on their legs is a deep red.

wingspan min.: cm wingspan max.: cm
size min.: 60 cm size max.: 69 cm
incubation min.: 23 days incubation max.: 25 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 25 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 3  


South America : West Guianas to Southwest Brazil


Mainly tropical forests with small populations in the coastal lowlands


Breeding season is from August to September, chicks hatch between January and March. Slightly different breeding times exist through the range because of seasonal conditions. Nests are located in dense cover in the canopy and constructed of twigs. There are typically 3 eggs with an incubation time of 24 days. This bird is extremely social, living in flocks of up to ten birds.

Feeding habits

Piping guans feed on a variety of fruits and seeds. They play an important role in seed dispersal through their habitats by depositing seeds in various locations as they fly. Also figs and snails are sometimes eaten.


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Resides mainly in northern South America with a narrow territory that extends down into central South America.
White-headed Piping-Guan status Least Concern


Presumed sedentary

Distribution map

White-headed Piping-Guan distribution range map

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