White-tipped Dove (Leptotila verreauxi)

White-tipped Dove

[order] COLUMBIFORMES | [family] Columbidae | [latin] Leptotila verreauxi | [UK] White-tipped Dove | [FR] Colombe a front blanc | [DE] Blauring-Taube | [ES] Paloma Montaraz Comun | [NL] Verreaux’ Duif


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Leptotila verreauxi LA widespread
Leptotila verreauxi angelica s Texas (USA), n and c Mexico
Leptotila verreauxi approximans ne Brazil
Leptotila verreauxi bangsi w Guatemala to w Nicaragua and w Honduras
Leptotila verreauxi brasiliensis the Guianas, n Brazil
Leptotila verreauxi capitalis Tres Marias Is. (off w Mexico)
Leptotila verreauxi chalcauchenia s Bolivia to Uruguay and nc Argentina
Leptotila verreauxi decipiens e Peru and Bolivia, w Brazil
Leptotila verreauxi decolor w Colombia to w and n Peru
Leptotila verreauxi fulviventris se Mexico to Belize and ne Guatemala
Leptotila verreauxi hernandezi sw Colombia
Leptotila verreauxi nuttingi Lake Nicaragua
Leptotila verreauxi tobagensis Tobago
Leptotila verreauxi verreauxi sw Nicaragua and Costa Rica to n Venezuela, Netherlands Antilles
Leptotila verreauxi zapluta Trinidad

Physical charateristics

The White-tipped Dove has an approx. length of 28 cm. Adult birds of most races have a grey tinge from the crown to the nape, a pale grey or whitish forehead and a whitish throat. The eye-ring is typically red in most of its range, but blue in most of the Amazon and northern South America. The upperparts and wings are grey-brown, and the underparts are whitish shading to pinkish, dull grey or buff on the chest. The underwing coverts are rufous. The tail is broadly tipped with white, but this is best visible from below or in flight. The bill is black, the legs are red and the iris is yellow.

Listen to the sound of White-tipped Dove

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/W/White-tipped Dove.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 43 cm wingspan max.: 46 cm
size min.: 25 cm size max.: 30 cm
incubation min.: 14 days incubation max.: 15 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 15 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 3  


Latin America : widespread


The White-tipped Dove inhabits scrub, woodland and forest.


Two pale brown eggs are laid in a nest made from sticks, grass, fibers, and weed stems and built in low branch of a tree, shrub, or tangle of vines. Sometimes nests on the ground. Both parents incubate eggs for about 14 days.

Feeding habits

Eats seeds, prickly pear cactus, grass, cultivated grains, and large insects; forages on the ground.


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be increasing, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is extremely large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
White-tipped Dove status Least Concern


Resident throughout range.

Distribution map

White-tipped Dove distribution range map

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