Violaceous Quail Dove (Geotrygon violacea)

Violaceous Quail-Dove

[order] Columbiformes | [family] Columbidae | [latin] Geotrygon violacea | [UK] Violaceous Quail-Dove | [FR] Colombe a nuque violette | [DE] Bischofstaube | [ES] Paloma-Perdiz Rojiza | [IT] Tortora quaglia violacea | [NL] Bisschopskwartelduif


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Geotrygon violacea LA Nicaragua to Venezuela, e, c SA
Geotrygon violacea albiventer Nicaragua to n Colombia and Venezuela
Geotrygon violacea violacea Suriname to e Brazil, Paraguay and ne Argentina

Physical charateristics

Medium-sized dove, rufous overall with pale buff throat, streak under eye, and pale belly. Female has dark olive-brown upperparts, cinnamon-brown breast, and pale buff underparts. Violet gloss on nape and back parts.

Listen to the sound of Violaceous Quail-Dove

[audio: Quail-Dove.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 33 cm wingspan max.: 38 cm
size min.: 20 cm size max.: 25 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 3  


Distribution ranges from Nicaragua to Bolivia, Brazil and north Argentina. Although a species was collected in Suriname the species’ presence in is at best dubious. Might be confused with the very similar Ruddy Quail dove.


This bird is found in woodland and scrub forest. It also has adapted to coffee plantations. More arboreal then congeners, also found perching in canopy of dense forest.


Two buff eggs are laid in a nest made of leaves and sticks, and built on the ground or low in a tree, up to 8 feet above the ground.

Feeding habits

These birds forage on the ground, mainly eating seeds. It will also take small invertebrates in its diet. Ruddy Quail-Doves feed primarily on the ground.


This species has a large range, with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 1,500,000 km2. The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population size criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., less than 10,000 mature individuals in conjunction with appropriate decline rates and subpopulation qualifiers), even though the species is described as ‘uncommon’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Violaceous Quail-Dove status Least Concern


Resident throughout range.

Distribution map

Violaceous Quail-Dove range map


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