Scaled Pigeon (Columba speciosa)

Scaled Pigeon

[order] COLUMBIFORMES | [family] Columbidae | [latin] Columba speciosa | [UK] Scaled Pigeon | [FR] Pigeon ramiret | [DE] Schuppenbauch-Taube | [ES] Paloma Escamosa | [NL] Geschubde Duif


Monotypic species

Physical charateristics

Large pigeon, the male has a purple or reddish head with black feathers with white spots and purple fringes in the neck. feathers on the upper breast are golden brown. mantle, back, rump and wing-coverts chestnut. Primaries blackish with white fringes. Lower breast and belly whitiish. The female lacks the purple coloration omn the breast and head and is mainly dull chestnut brown.
Lives solitary or in pairs.

Listen to the sound of Scaled Pigeon

[audio: Pigeon.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: cm wingspan max.: cm
size min.: 30 cm size max.: 32 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 2  


Latin America : South Mexico to South Brazil


Found in a wide ragne of humid forested habitats, sometimes dense rainforest, sometimes savannas with scattered trees. Often perches high and visible in trees on the edges of forests.


Contrary to its feeding habitat the nests are placed low (about half a meter) in trees. The nest consists of a small platform made of twigs and flower parts. Clutch size in Trinidad 2 eggs, but on mainland only one egg is laid. Some sources claim nests are built as high as 18 meters.

Feeding habits

Diet consists of fruit and seeds from the canopy of tall trees.


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is very large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Scaled Pigeon status Least Concern


Mostly sedentary with some movement south outside breeding season in Mexico

Distribution map

Scaled Pigeon distribution range map

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