Ruddy Quail-Dove (Geotrygon montana)

Ruddy Quail-Dove

[order] COLUMBIFORMES | [family] Columbidae | [latin] Geotrygon montana | [UK] Ruddy Quail-Dove | [FR] Colombe rouviolette | [DE] Bergtaube | [ES] Paloma-perdiz Comun | [NL] Bergkwartelduif


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Starnoenas montana
Geotrygon montana LA widespread
Geotrygon montana martinica Lesser Antilles Is.
Geotrygon montana montana Mexico to ne Argentina, Greater Antilles, Trinidad

Physical charateristics

Medium-sized dove, rufous overall with pale buff throat, streak under eye, and belly. Female has dark olive-brown upperparts, cinnamon-brown breast, and pale buff underparts.

Listen to the sound of Ruddy Quail-Dove

[audio: Quail-Dove.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 33 cm wingspan max.: 38 cm
size min.: 20 cm size max.: 25 cm
incubation min.: 10 days incubation max.: 11 days
fledging min.: 10 days fledging max.: 11 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 3  


Latin America : widespread


This bird is found in woodland and scrub forest. It also has adapted to coffee plantations.


Two buff eggs are laid in a nest made of leaves and sticks, and built on the ground or low in a tree, up to 8 feet above the ground.

Feeding habits

These birds forage on the ground, mainly eating seeds. It will also take small invertebrates in its diet. Ruddy Quail-Doves feed primarily on the ground.


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is extremely large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Ruddy Quail-Dove status Least Concern


Resident throughout range.

Distribution map

Ruddy Quail-Dove distribution range map

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