Ruddy Pigeon (Patagioenas subvinacea)

Ruddy Pigeon

[order] COLUMBIFORMES | [family] Columbidae | [latin] Patagioenas subvinacea | [UK] Ruddy Pigeon | [FR] Pigeon vineux | [DE] Purpurtaube | [ES] Paloma Vinosa | [NL] Purpurduif


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Patagioenas subvinacea LA Costa Rica through Amazonia
Patagioenas subvinacea berlepschi se Panama to sw Ecuador
Patagioenas subvinacea ogilviegranti Andes of Colombia to ne Bolivia, w Brazil
Patagioenas subvinacea peninsularis ne Venezuela
Patagioenas subvinacea purpureotincta se Colombia, s Venezuela, the Guianas
Patagioenas subvinacea subvinacea Costa Rica, Panama
Patagioenas subvinacea zuliae ne Colombia, w Venezuela

Physical charateristics

It is unpatterned and mainly wine-purple in colour, becoming more rufous on the back. The tail and primary flight feathers are dark brown, the bill is black, and the legs and eyes are purple-red. The female is slightly duller and browner than the male, and the juvenile bird has a greyish brown head, neck and breast, with cinnamon or rufous scaling on the head and upperparts.

Listen to the sound of Ruddy Pigeon

[audio: Pigeon.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: cm wingspan max.: cm
size min.: 27 cm size max.: 30 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 0  
      eggs max.: 0  


Latin America : Costa Rica through Amazonia


Dense rain forests with clearings up to 2200 meter. Also found in ripirian woods (Venezuela).


The nest consists of a small loosely constructed platform made out of twigs. It is located in a fork or in a branch of a small tree, approximately 5 meter above ground. Clutch size is one white egg which are laid in June and July (Venezuela). No further data.

Feeding habits

Diet consists of tree fruit, seeds and berries. On occasion it descends to the ground to harvest seeds.


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Ruddy Pigeon status Least Concern


Sedentary, high elevated populations descent to lower lands outside the breeding season.

Distribution map

Ruddy Pigeon distribution range map

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