Ruddy Pigeon (Patagioenas subvinacea)

Ruddy Pigeon

[order] Columbiformes | [family] Columbidae | [latin] Patagioenas subvinacea | [UK] Ruddy Pigeon | [FR] Pigeon vineux | [DE] Purpurtaube | [ES] Paloma Vinosa | [IT] Colomba rossastra | [NL] Purpurduif


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Patagioenas subvinacea LA Costa Rica through Amazonia
Patagioenas subvinacea berlepschi se Panama to sw Ecuador
Patagioenas subvinacea ogilviegranti Andes of Colombia to ne Bolivia, w Brazil
Patagioenas subvinacea peninsularis ne Venezuela
Patagioenas subvinacea purpureotincta se Colombia, s Venezuela, the Guianas
Patagioenas subvinacea subvinacea Costa Rica, Panama
Patagioenas subvinacea zuliae ne Colombia, w Venezuela

Physical charateristics

It is unpatterned and mainly wine-purple in colour, becoming more rufous on the back. The tail and primary flight feathers are dark brown, the bill is black, and the legs and eyes are purple-red. The female is slightly duller and browner than the male, and the juvenile bird has a greyish brown head, neck and breast, with cinnamon or rufous scaling on the head and upperparts.

Listen to the sound of Ruddy Pigeon

[audio: Pigeon.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: cm wingspan max.: cm
size min.: 27 cm size max.: 30 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 0  
      eggs max.: 0  


The Ruddy Pigeon is a largish pigeon which breeds from Costa Rica south to western Ecuador, Bolivia and central Brazil. In Suriname found in the forest, but probably much moreabundant thand commonly believed.


Dense rain forests with clearings up to 2200 meter. Also found in ripirian woods (Venezuela).


The nest consists of a small loosely constructed platform made out of twigs. It is located in a fork or in a branch of a small tree, approximately 5 meter above ground. Clutch size is one white egg which are laid in June and July (Venezuela). No further data.

Feeding habits

Diet consists of tree fruit, seeds and berries. On occasion it descends to the ground to harvest seeds.


This species has a large range, with an estimated global Extent of Occurrence of 6,900,000 km². The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as ‘common’ in at least parts of its range (del Hoyo et al. 1997). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e. declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Ruddy Pigeon status Least Concern


Sedentary, high elevated populations descent to lower lands outside the breeding season.

Distribution map

Ruddy Pigeon range map


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