Ruddy Ground Dove (Colmbina talpacoti)

Ruddy Ground-Dove

[order] Columbiformes | [family] Columbidae | [latin] Colmbina talpacoti | [UK] Ruddy Ground-Dove | [FR] Colombe rousse | [DE] Rosttaubchen | [ES] Columbina Colorada | [IT] Tortora di Talpacot | [NL] Steenduif


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range

Physical charateristics

Ruddy Ground Doves are small short-tailed pigeons, 17cm long with a weight normally about 47g . Adult males have a pale grey head and neck, and rich rufous upperparts, black-spotted on the wing coverts. The underparts are paler brown, the tail is edged black, and the underwings are cinnamon and black. The female is grey-brown rather than rufous, and has less contrast between head and body than the male.

Listen to the sound of Ruddy Ground-Dove

[audio: Ground-Dove.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: cm wingspan max.: cm
size min.: 16 cm size max.: 18 cm
incubation min.: 12 days incubation max.: 13 days
fledging min.: 12 days fledging max.: 14 days
broods: 3   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 3  


The Ruddy Ground Dove is a small New World tropical dove. It is a resident breeder from Mexico south to Peru, Brazil and Paraguay, and on Trinidad and Tobago. Individual birds can sometimes be seen in southwestern USA, from southern Texas to southernmost California, primarily during the winter months. Very common bird in Suriname, found in wasteland and gardens.


The Ruddy Ground Dove is very common in scrub and other open country, including cultivation.


It builds a solid cup-shaped stick nest in a tree and lays two white eggs. Incubation is 12-13 days with another 12-14 days to fledging. There may be a second or third brood.

Feeding habits

Ruddy Ground Doves feed mainly on seeds.


This species has a large range, with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 15,000,000 km2. The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as ‘abundant’ in at least parts of its range (del Hoyo et al. 1997). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Ruddy Ground-Dove status Least Concern


Resident throughout range.

Distribution map

Ruddy Ground-Dove range map


Abstract: The reproductive ecology of the Ruddy Ground-Dove ..[more]..
Source: Wilson Bull., 100(3), 1988, pp. 443-457

download full text (pdf)

Title Eimeria curvata n. sp. (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) in
Columbina talpacoti and Scardafella squammata
(Aves: Columbidae) from Brazil
Author(s): Edson A Adriano, Patricia J Thyssen, Nelson S Cordeiro
Abstract: Eimeria curvata is a new coccidian described in th..[more]..
Source: Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Vol. 95(1): 53-55, Jan./Feb. 2000

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