Plumbeous Pigeon (Patagioenas plumbea)

Plumbeous Pigeon

[order] COLUMBIFORMES | [family] Columbidae | [latin] Patagioenas plumbea | [UK] Plumbeous Pigeon | [FR] Pigeon plombe | [DE] Weintaube | [ES] Paloma Plomiza | [NL] Loodgrijze Duif


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Patagioenas plumbea SA Colombia to se Brazil
Patagioenas plumbea baeri c Brazil
Patagioenas plumbea bogotensis e Colombia, Venezuela and the Guianas to n Brazil and n and e Bolivia
Patagioenas plumbea chapmani nw Ecuador
Patagioenas plumbea pallescens southern tributaries of the Amazon
Patagioenas plumbea plumbea se Brazil, Paraguay

Physical charateristics

Head, neck and underparts dull grey. Head and neck have a purple tinge, the throat is paler. Back and wings dark brown with a green gloss. Long rounded tail with no markings. Black bill.

Listen to the sound of Plumbeous Pigeon

[audio: Pigeon.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: cm wingspan max.: cm
size min.: 33 cm size max.: 35 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 0  
      eggs max.: 0  


South America : Colombia to Southeast Brazil


Found in tropical and subtropical rain forest, often in tall trees.


At the height of mating season it soars over the forest, displaying itself and making vertical ascents followed by spiraling descents as it flies from branch to branch. Nesting, brooding and chick rearing unknown.

Feeding habits

Plumbeous Pigeon feed mainly on small fruits, berries and seed. This is a fairly solitary bird, but may form small flocks at drinking areas. In Brazil mistletoe is eaten in great quantities.


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Plumbeous Pigeon status Least Concern


Sedentary. But somewhat gregarious outside the breeding season in flocks of 10-15 birds. In Barzil seasonal migration has been recorded.

Distribution map

Plumbeous Pigeon distribution range map

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