Pale-vented Pigeon (Columba cayennensis)

Pale-vented Pigeon

[order] COLUMBIFORMES | [family] Columbidae | [latin] Columba cayennensis | [UK] Pale-vented Pigeon | [FR] Pigeon rousset | [DE] | [ES] Paloma Colorada | [NL] Rosse Duif


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Patagioenas cayennensis LA s Mexico to n Argentina
Patagioenas cayennensis andersoni se Colombia and e Ecuador to Venezuela and n Brazil
Patagioenas cayennensis cayennensis the Guianas
Patagioenas cayennensis occidentalis w Ecuador
Patagioenas cayennensis pallidicrissa se Mexico to n Colombia
Patagioenas cayennensis sylvestris e Brazil and s Brazil to Paraguay and n Argentina
Patagioenas cayennensis tobagensis Trinidad and Tobago Is.

Physical charateristics

Adult males have a mainly dull purple head, breast and upperpart plumage, with copper glossing on the nape and a whitish throat. The lower back and tail are dark grey and the lower underparts are pale grey. The bill is black and the legs, iris and eyering are red. The female is similar, but duller than the male, and immatures are greyish-brown, very dull, and mainly greyish brown.

Listen to the sound of Pale-vented Pigeon

[audio: Pigeon.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: cm wingspan max.: cm
size min.: 30 cm size max.: 32 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 2  


Latin America : South Mexico to North Argentina


The Pale-vented Pigeon is common at forest edges, riverbanks, and other partially open areas with some trees


It builds a small twig nest in a small tree, and normally lays one white egg.

Feeding habits

Pale-vented Pigeon feed mainly on small fruits, berries and seed. This is a fairly solitary bird, but may form small flocks at drinking areas.


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is extremely large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Pale-vented Pigeon status Least Concern


Sedentary. But somewhat gregarious outside the breeding season in flocks of 10-15 birds.

Distribution map

Pale-vented Pigeon distribution range map

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