Oriental Turtle Dove (Streptopelia orientalis)

Oriental Turtle Dove

[order] COLUMBIFORMES | [family] Columbidae | [latin] Streptopelia orientalis | [UK] Oriental Turtle Dove | [FR] Tourterelle orientale | [DE] Orient-Turteltaube | [ES] Tortola Oriental | [NL] Oosterse Tortel


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Streptopelia orientalis EU, OR c, e Asia through India and Southeast Asia
Streptopelia orientalis agricola ne India to Burma and sc China
Streptopelia orientalis erythrocephala s India
Streptopelia orientalis meena sw Siberia to Iran and the Himalayas India, Sri Lanka
Streptopelia orientalis orientalis c Siberia to Japan, China and the Himalayas s and e Asia
Streptopelia orientalis orii Taiwan
Streptopelia orientalis stimpsoni Ryukyu Is. (Japan)

Physical charateristics

Oriental Turtle-Dove: Large, stocky dove, buff-brown overall with scaled pattern on back and wings produced by black feathers with buff, gray, or red fringes. Has distinctive black-and-white patch on neck. Tail is long, gray, and white-tipped. Legs are red. Sexes are similar.

wingspan min.: cm wingspan max.: cm
size min.: 33 cm size max.: 35 cm
incubation min.: 17 days incubation max.: 21 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 21 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 3  


Eurasia, Oriental Region : Central, East Asia through India and Southeast Asia


Wide variety of habitats ranging from boreal to tropical forests. Occurs in sparse woodland, scrub and wooded farmland bordering cultivated fields. Has been found as high as 2500 m and up to 4000 m in Nepal.


Oriental Turtle-Dove: Two white or pale yellow eggs are laid in a large nest made of twigs and small branches, usually built on a low tree branch. Incubation ranges from 17 to 21 days and is carried out by the female.

Feeding habits

Oriental Turtle-Dove: Feeds on various seeds; forages on the ground


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Oriental Turtle-Dove: Native to Siberian taiga, accidental on Vancouver Island, casual to western Aleutians and Bering Sea.
Oriental Turtle Dove status Least Concern


Populations of N Asia from Siberia to Japan and Kuril Is migrate S to winter in S &E Asia from India to S & E China and S Japan. Generally resident in S Asia, but some populations are migratory; Himalayan and other N Indian populations migrate S to Peninsular India to overwinter. Winter range poorly known, partly due to complications of subspecific identification.

Distribution map

Oriental Turtle Dove distribution range map

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *