Vocal patterns in Ruddy Buntings

Chestnut Bunting (Emberiza rutila) Science Article 1


In the present study, we reveal the control pattern of different level vocal nuclei (HVC and DM) in songbirds by electrical stimulation and acoustic analysis methods. The results show that both HVC and DM show left-side dominance in vocal control pattern, providing the acoustic evidence for the vocal mechanism in songbirds.

Unknown, SCIENCE IN CHINA (Series C) Vol. 46, 616-622

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