Straight billed Hermit (Phaethornis bourcieri)

Straight-billed Hermit

[order] Apodiformes | [family] Trochilidae | [latin] Phaethornis bourcieri | [UK] Straight-billed Hermit | [FR] Ermite de Bourcier | [DE] Braunbauch-Schattenkolibri | [ES] Ermitano Piquirrecto | [IT] Colibri del sole di Bourcier | [NL] Priemsnavel-heremietkolibrie


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Phaethornis bourcieri SA n Amazonia
Phaethornis bourcieri bourcieri e Colombia, s Venezuela, the Guianas, n Brazil (n of the Amazon) and n Peru
Phaethornis bourcieri major Brazil (s of the Amazon)

Physical charateristics

Differs from other Pheathornis by its long straight bill. Upper parts bronze green. feathers edged black. upper tail coverts buff. Narrow eyebrow stripe, throat white and other upper parts digny grey-buff. Tail brozne green with a black band and buff tips. Central feathers tipped white. Sexes are alike. Upperbill black, lower mandible orange to red.

Listen to the sound of Straight-billed Hermit

[audio: Hermit.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 12 cm size max.: 13 cm
incubation min.: 17 days incubation max.: 18 days
fledging min.: 21 days fledging max.: 23 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 3  


Ranges from Southern Clombia to the Guianas, upper Amazonia to East Ecuador and Peru. In Suriname common in undergrowth of forest in the savannah and the interior.


Prefers the understorey of rainforest, humid upper tropical forest, second growth, bamboo thickets and shrubs.


Nest is a cone-shaped cup hanging from a large leaf. Clutch size is 1-3 eggs incubated for about 17 days by female only. Young fledge after about 23 days.

Feeding habits

Diet consists of nectar of flowers and sometimes anthropods.


This species has a large range, with an estimated global Extent of Occurrence of 2,700,000 km². The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as ‘frequent’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e. declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Straight-billed Hermit status Least Concern


Sedentary throughout range

Distribution map

Straight-billed Hermit range map


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