Magnificent Hummingbird (Eugenes fulgens)

Magnificent Hummingbird

[order] APODIFORMES | [family] Trochilidae | [latin] Eugenes fulgens | [UK] Magnificent Hummingbird | [FR] Colibri de Rivoli | [DE] Dickschnabelkolibri | [ES] Colibri Magnifico | [NL] Rivoli’s Kolibrie


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Hylonympha fulgens
Eugenes fulgens NA, MA sw USA to Panama
Eugenes fulgens fulgens sw USA to Honduras and Nicaragua
Eugenes fulgens spectabilis Costa Rica to w Panama

Physical charateristics

Male: A very large hummingbird with a blackish belly, bright green throat, and purple crown. Looks all black at a distance. W
ingbeats discernible; sometimes the bird scales on set wings. Female:
Large; greenish above, washed with greenish or dusky below. Known from female Blue-throated by more mottled underparts, spotted throat, dark greenish tail, obscure tail corners.

Listen to the sound of Magnificent Hummingbird

[audio: Hummingbird.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 11 cm size max.: 13 cm
incubation min.: 15 days incubation max.: 16 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 3  


North America, Middle America : Southwest USA to Panama


Mountain glades, pine-oak woods, canyons. In range in southwestern United States, usually at elevations of 5,000-
9,000′ in mountains. Inhabits shady canyons with sycamore and maple, open hillsides with pine-oak woodland, coniferous forest of higher mountains. Less restricted to streamsides than Blue-throated Hummingbird.


Breeding behavior and courtship displays not well known. Apparently, male may mate with more than one female, but male takes no part in building the nest or raising the young.
Nest: Site is in tree such as pine or maple, 10-60′ above the ground, saddled on horizontal branch i
n rather open part of tree. Nest (built by female only) is a compact cup of plant fibers, moss, spider webs, lined with fine plant down and sometimes feathers, outside camouflaged with bits of lichen.
Eggs: 2. White. Incubation is by female only, probably about 16 days.
Young: Female feeds young by inserting long bill in open mouth of young, regurgitating food from crop. Young probably fed insects and small amounts of nectar. Development of young and age at first flight not well known.

Feeding habits

Mostly small insects and nectar. Feeds on many small insects, also small spiders. Feeds on nectar at flowers. Will also take artificial sugar-water mixtures.
Behavior: Does much foraging in woodland away from flowers, watching from a perch and then flying out to catch passing insects. Will also pick insects from foliage or from bar
k, and will take spiders (and trapped insects) out of spider webs. Takes nectar while hovering at flowers; will hover or perch at hummingbird feeders to take sugar-water.


This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be increasing, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is extremely large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Magnificent Hummingbird status Least Concern


Southwestern United States to northern Nicaragua. Breeds or summers in mountains of southeastern Arizona and locally in southwestern New Mexico, western Colorado, western Texas. Casual or accidental in adjacent states. Occasional in summer within dash lin
e. bMigration:
Summer resident in Southwest, probably migrates only a short distance south into Mexico for winter; occasionally winters (or attempts to) at feeders in Arizona canyons. Strays have wandered north of breeding range, even as far north as Minnesota.

Distribution map

Magnificent Hummingbird distribution range map

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