Fork tailed Woodnymph (Thalurania furcata)


[order] Apodiformes | [family] Trochilidae | [latin] Thalurania furcata | [UK] Fork-tailed Woodnymph | [FR] Dryade a queue fourchue | [DE] Schwalbennymphe | [ES] Zafiro Golondrina | [IT] Ninfa dei boschi codaforcuta | [NL] Vorkstaartbosnimf


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Thalurania furcata SA widespread
Thalurania furcata baeri ne and c Brazil to se Bolivia and nw and nc Argentina
Thalurania furcata balzani nc Brazil s of the Amazon
Thalurania furcata boliviana se Peru, ne Bolivia
Thalurania furcata eriphile se Brazil, Paraguay and ne Argentina
Thalurania furcata fissilis se Venezuela, wc Guyana and Roraima (nc Brazil)
Thalurania furcata furcata ec Venezuela through the Guianas to ne Brazil
Thalurania furcata furcatoides e Brazil s of the Amazon
Thalurania furcata jelskii e Peru and w Brazil
Thalurania furcata nigrofasciata se Colombia, s Venezuela and nw Brazil
Thalurania furcata orenocensis upper Orinoco (s Venezuela)
Thalurania furcata refulgens Paria Pen. and Sierra de Cumaná (ne Venezuela)
Thalurania furcata simoni se Peru and sw Brazil
Thalurania furcata viridipectus e Colombia, e Ecuador and ne Peru

Physical charateristics

The male has a glittering green throat with violet across the belly and in a narrow band across the back of the neck. Otherwise it is bronzy green above and it has white on its thighs. The female is pale grey below and has white tips on the outer three tail feathers. The bill is black and medium sized but it is variously described as “straight”, “essentially straight” or “slightly decurved”. This may be a function of the differences between subspecies of which there are 13

Listen to the sound of Fork-tailed Woodnymph

[audio: Woodnymph.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

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size min.: 9 cm size max.: 10 cm
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The Fork-tailed Woodnymph is found east of the Andes from north east Venezuela to norther Argentina but is missing from the extreme south of Brazil. In Suriname considered the most common forest hummingbird, confined to the interior.


Humid forest and forest edges, taller second growth and semi-open shaded plantations and gardens.


No data available

Feeding habits

It likes forest and forest edge habitat and is also found in semi-open areas and gardens. It feeds on both nectar and insects (small flies and ants).


This species has a large range, with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 11,000,000 km². The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as ‘common’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern
Fork-tailed Woodnymph status Least Concern


Sedentary throughout range

Distribution map

Fork-tailed Woodnymph range map


Abstract: We analyzed geographic variation in morphology and..[more]..
Source: Wilson Bull., 104(2), 1992, pp. 205-219

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