Buff-bellied Hummingbird (Amazilia yucatanensis)

Buff-bellied Hummingbird

[order] APODIFORMES | [family] Trochilidae | [latin] Amazilia yucatanensis | [UK] Buff-bellied Hummingbird | [FR] Ariane du Yucatan | [DE] Yucatanamazilie | [ES] Amazilia Yucateca, Colibri Panza Cafe (HN) | [NL] Yucatanaamazilia


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Amazilia yucatanensis MA e Mexico through Yucatan Peninsula, also s USA
Amazilia yucatanensis cerviniventris e and s Mexico
Amazilia yucatanensis chalconota s Texas (USA) to ne Mexico
Amazilia yucatanensis yucatanensis Yucatan Pen. (se Mexico), nw Guatemala and Belize

Physical charateristics

Male: A rather large green hummer with a green throat, rufous tail, buffy belly. Bill coral-red or pink with black tip.
b Female: Similar to male. The only red-billed hummer in Rio Grande delta and only one with green throat.

Listen to the sound of Buff-bellied Hummingbird

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/B/Buff-bellied Hummingbird.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 10 cm size max.: 11 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 2   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 3  


Middle America : East Mexico through Yucatan Peninsula, also South USA


Woods, thickets, citrus groves. In Texas, found mostly in semi-open habitats such as woodland edges or clearings, areas of brush and scattered trees. Sometimes around citrus groves. A regular resident of
suburban neighborhoods, especially those with trees and extensive gardens.


Breeding behavior not well known. Nesting season in Texas extends at least April to August.
Nest: Site usually in large shrub or small deciduous tree, such as hackberry or ebony, usually low (3-
10′ above ground). Saddled on horizontal or drooping branch, or placed in fork of twig. Nest (probably built by female alone) is a cup of plant fibers, fine stems, shreds of bark, and spider webs, lined with plant d
own. Outside decorated with lichens, flower petals. May refurbish or build on top of old nest.
Eggs: 2. White. Incubation probably by female only; incubation period not well known, probably 2 weeks or more.
Probably cared for by female only. Adult feeds young by inserting long bill into open mouth of young, and regurgitating food. Development of young and age at first flight not well known. May raise 2 broods per year, possibly more.

Feeding habits

Mostly nectar and small insects.
Consumes nectar from flowers, especially red tubular flowers such as turk’s-cap and red salvia, also many other flowers. Also will feed on sugar-water mixtures. Eats many small insects and spiders.
Behavior: Feeds by hovering on rapidly beating wings and inserting its bill and long tongue in flowers to take nectar. Will also hover and perch at hummingbird feeders. Flies out from a perc
h to take insects in the air or from foliage, and probably takes small insects from flowers.


This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be increasing, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is extremely large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Buff-bellied Hummingbird status Least Concern


Southern Texas south to Guatemala. Migration:
In southern Texas, more common in summer, but some remain through winter. A few move north along coast in fall, to winter on upper Texas coast and in Louisiana.

Distribution map

Buff-bellied Hummingbird distribution range map

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