Eastern Buzzard (Buteo japonicus)

Eastern Buzzard

[order] ACCIPITRIFORMES | [family] Accipitridae | [latin] Buteo japonicus | [authority] Temminck et Schlegel, 1844 | [UK] Eastern Buzzard | [FR] Buse variable | [DE] Japanbussard | [ES] Busardo Oriental | [NL] Oostelijke Buizerd


Monotypic species


Members of the genus Buteo are broad-winged, broad-tailed hawks, Well adapted for soaring. The bill, legs and talons are of average proportions. There is much colour variation both within the species, and, by way of phases, within individual species. In all cases the young are quite different from adults in that they are all well camouflaged with an overall brown appearance with varying amounts of striping below and paler mottling above.
The 25 species are spread worldwide with the exception of Australasia and much of the Indian sub-continent.

Physical charateristics

Eastern Buzzard usually has dark brown upperparts. Underparts are paler, almost white, with brown and reddish streaks on belly. the lower breast collar, is less distinct than in the Eurasian Buzzard. Primaries are darkish, carpal spots smaller than B. buteo but obvious.

wingspan min.: 58 cm wingspan max.: 62 cm
size min.: 40 cm size max.: 46 cm
incubation min.: 20 days incubation max.: 23 days
fledging min.: 65 days fledging max.: 23 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 3  
      eggs max.: 6  


Oreintal Region: Breeds from the lake baikal area and mongolia east through amurland and northeastern china to sakhalin island, japan, and the kuril islands south to tibet and probably northwestern india; winters in southern asia from india to eastern and southern china, korea, and southern japan.


It frequents all types of forests, as in the country or in mountains, but always close to open area.


No data

Feeding habits

It feeds on small and medium-sized mammals (rodents, voles, mice, rats, young rabbits and hares?), also birds (up to size of pigeons, pheasants and partridges), reptiles, amphibians and insects.

Video Eastern Buzzard


copyright: Kugayama Sanjin


This taxon is Not Recognised as a species by BirdLife International.


Partial migrant, with the most northern breeding populations wintering in more southerly areas

Distribution map

Eastern Buzzard distribution range map

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